Choosing the right bike for commuting is very dependent on the route you plan to take, the style of riding you do, and how much time you have to get to your destination. Another important consideration is the dress code you have at work. A change of clothes may be necessary, as well as provisions for clean up, depending on your line of work.
If time is an issue, a road bike is the best equipment to get to your destination in a hurry. These bikes are typically lighter, and have wheels and tyres that offer good rolling resistance on paved surfaces. There are many classes of road bikes available that can suit the needs of a commuter, including racing bikes, sport bikes and touring bikes.
If your route to work includes any off-road sections, be sure to consider a mountain bike as your commuter. While mountain bikes excel at off road routes, they are heavier than other alternatives and may make the trip take a bit longer. Another drawback to commuting with a mountain bike on dirt trails is that clean up once you get to work may take a lot of time from your work day. This is especially problematic in wet weather when dirt turns to mud.
If your commute is a shorter distance, and if you prefer comfort over speed, then a commuting bike or urban style bike may be more to your liking. These styles have a relaxed seating position and are designed to be ridden short distances at a comfortable pace. This is a great choice for a short commute, especially for those who prefer to ride to work in their regular work clothes rather than having to change once they reach their destination.
Commuting to work by bike is an environmentally friendly way to get to work, with the added benefit of keeping you fit and healthy. When you consider the savings in fuel and car repairs, this method of travel is a fantastic alternative that will make you feel great.